Duty Of Care means for the Civil Liability Acts 2002 -

(1)        An Inviter is not negligent in failing to take precautions against a Risk Of Harm to an Invitee(s) unless:

             (a)       the risk was a Foreseeable, Non-Obvious, Explicit Risk which the Inviter knew or ought to have known;

              (b)      the risk was not insignificant; and

              (c)      in the circumstances, an Inviter, being a reasonable person in the Inviter's position, would have taken those precautions.

(2)        In determining whether a Inviter should have taken precautions against a Risk Of Harm, the court should consider, amongst other relevant things:

             (a)       probability that the Harm Suffered would occur if care were not taken,

             (b)       likely seriousness of the Harm Suffered,

             (c)       burden of taking precautions to avoid the Risk Of Harm, and

             (d)       social utility (benefit to the community) of the activity that creates the Risk Of Harm.

An Inviter needs to be aware of all Foreseeable, Non-Obvious, Explicit Risks in order to include them in his/her Risk WarningOrganisers/Inviters of bicycle rides over several days take on a Duty Of Care to perform due diligence of the entire ride route in order to avoid Negligence by identifying all Foreseeable, Non-Obvious, Explicit Risks which notably include timber bridges with gaps between planks, storm water drainage grides, potholes, railway level crossings.  Upon identifying such Foreseeable, Non-Obvious, Explicit Risks, organisers/Inviters then need to include these in their Risk Warning